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Comparative quality of life in patients randomized contemporaneously to docetaxel or abiraterone in the STAMPEDE trial

Research Funding

UK government, charity and pharmaceutical support.

Background

Docetaxel (DOC) and abiraterone (ABI) both improve overall survival (OS) in men with locally advanced or metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (HSPC) but no head to head trials compare the 2 agents. STAMPEDE, a multi-arm multi-stage platform trial, recruited patients (pts) to treatments including DOC or ABI between Nov-11 and Mar-13. There was no evidence OS differed between DOC or ABI, thus quality of life (QOL) may increasingly inform treatment options.Methods

QOL scores were analysed in pts contemporaneously randomised to receive DOC or ABI, in addition to standard of care treatment. Self-assessment QOL questionnaires EORTC QLQ C30 and PR25 were completed during treatment and follow-up. These analyses focus on average global QOL over the first 2 years after randomisation, using repeated measures analysis, plus cross-sectional analyses at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months. A score difference of ≥4 points was pre-defined as clinically meaningful.Results:173 men randomised to DOC and 342 men randomised to ABI participated in the QOL sub-study and contributed to this analysis. Baseline characteristics and proportion of missing data were similar between groups. Baseline global QOL scores were similar (mean (sd): DOC 77.8 (20) and ABI 78.0 (19.3)). Average global QOL over 2 years was higher in pts randomised to ABI than DOC, although the difference was statistically significant it did not meet the pre-defined clinical parameter (+3.9, 95%CI 0.6 to 7.1, p=0.021). Cross-sectional analyses showed clinically meaningful superior QOL in the ABI group at 3 and 6 months (+6.6, 95%CI 2.6 to 10.7, p=0.001; +8.0, 95%CI 3.6 to 12.3, p<0.001), but not at 1 or 2 years (+1.3, 95%CI -3.0 to 5.6, p=0.545; +4.5, 95%CI -0.25 to 9.2, p=0.063). An exploratory analysis indicated average QOL for pts with metastatic disease (n=207) was better in the ABI group (+4.44, 95%CI 0.2 to 8.6, p=0.036).

Conclusion

Global QOL was significantly higher in the first 2 years of treatment for the ABI group compared to the DOC group, though did not meet the pre-defined clinically meaningful threshold. The majority of difference was seen in the first year of treatment. This should be considered when discussing treatment options with pts. Clinical trial information: NCT00268476